Audit of Child Protection Research in Ireland 1990–2009, July 2010
In 2009 the CAAB commissioned the Children’s Research Centre and the School of Social Work and Social Policy, Trinity College, Dublin to conduct an audit of Irish child protection literature from 1900 to 2009. The study has two key outputs, a database containing the information from the research included in the audit and a report summarising the key points from the analysis of the identified research, information on funding sources and appropriate conclusions. The audit categories available research according type of abuse, sector, type of study, focus of research, type of publication and sector of commissioner, information sources and topics covered and gaps in the research literature. A briefing note and the full report from this study is available to download here.
An Audit and Analysis of Irish Research Literature on Children in Detention and out of Home Care, July 2010
The Children Acts Advisory Board (CAAB) commissioned Eustace Patterson Ltd., to produce a summary analysis of research literature on children in detention and out of home care in Ireland. The study has two key outputs, a database containing the information from the research included in the audit and a report summarising the key points from the analysis of the identified research. The study was co-financed by the CAAB and the Irish Youth Justice Service (IYJS). A briefing note and the full report from this study is available to download here.
Tracing and Tracking of Children Subject to a Special Care Application, June 2010
In 2009 the CAAB commissioned Social Information Systems Ltd (SIS) to undertake this research. The report provides an overview of the applications for admission to special care made by Health Service Executive Local Health Offices in 2007 and traces and tracks outcomes for the children who were subject of those applications. It is based on scrutiny of anonymised special care applications and their supporting documents, interviews with social workers, children, parents/carers, staff from the special care units, guardians ad litem and solicitors. A briefing note and the full report from this study is available to download here.
Organisational Case Studies of Inter-agency Co-operation in the Delivery of Children’s Services, December 2009
This study focused on six case studies (three Irish and three international) of inter-agency co-operation in the delivery of children’s services. The overall objective of this study was to produce a number of organisational case studies illustrating examples of inter-agency co-operation in the delivery of services to vulnerable children and to identify key findings across all six case studies in terms of motivations, approaches, benefits and lessons. The study draws on findings from existing reviews, evaluations and reports on the six projects and on a focused number of consultations with key people from each project. A briefing note and the full report from this study is available to download here.
A Literature Review of Inter-agency Work with a Particular Focus on Children’s Services, December 2009.
The research project ‘A Literature Review of Inter-agency Work with a Particular Focus on Children’s Services’ involved a review of research literature on inter-agency co-operation in public services, with a particular focus on inter-agency co-operation in children’s services in Ireland. The study has two key outputs, a database containing the information from the research included in the audit and a report summarising the key points from the analysis of the identified research. The full report and a briefing note are now available to download.
Inter-agency Co-operation in Irish Children’s Services: The Views of Some Stakeholders, November 2009
The CAAB undertook a consultation process with professionals working in children’s services on inter-agency co-operation in the children’s sector, as part of our 2008 Network Seminars. A total of 12 focus groups were held, with more than 100 participants. A presentation on the findings from this process was made at our 2008 National Conference, see the events section for details. A report on this process was produced by Finbar McDonnell of Hibernian Consulting and the CAAB. The report focuses on stakeholders’ experiences of inter-agency co-operation and on their views on future requirements to enable better inter-agency co-operation. A briefing note and the full report from this consultation process is available to download here.
Best Practice Guidelines for the Use and Implementation of Therapeutic Interventions for Children and Young People in Out of Home Care, November 2009
In 2008, the CAAB in conjunction with a number of key agencies and professions including the Health Service Executive (policy, inspectorate and residential managers), Irish Youth Justice Service, the Health, Information and Quality Authority Social Services Inspectorate, with professional guidance from a number of senior clinicians and academics have produced a set of Best Practice Guidelines for the Use and Implementation of Therapeutic Interventions for Children and Young People in Out of Home Care.
These guidelines apply to all children subject to the provision of the Child Care Act, 1991 and the Children Act, 2001 and their subsequent amendments and should also be applied to children with disabilities living away from home.
The guidelines were published in November 2009 and are available to download here.
Putting Research Evidence to Work (PREW): Key Issues for Research Utilisation in Irish Children’s Services, October 2009
The objective of this project was to develop initiatives, in partnership with relevant organisations, which help policy makers, managers and practitioners to put research evidence to work. This project was led by Helen Buckley from the School for Social Work and Social Policy and the Children’s Research Centre, Trinity College Dublin in association with the CAAB. The first stage of PREW was be to produce a report on the barriers, facilitators and approaches to putting research evidence to work based on a review of literature, a review of international web-based research dissemination mechanisms, and a consultation process to establish access to and application of research by stakeholders. A briefing note, summary report and the full report from this study are available to download.
Review of Special Care Applications, July 2008
Since January 2007, the Children Acts Advisory Board (CAAB) has been giving its views to the Health Service Executive’s National Admission and Discharge Committee (NSCADC) on special care applications made by social workers for children/young people requiring special care and protection. This function is set out in the Children Act 2001, as inserted by the Child Care (Amendment) Act 2007. The legislation of this statutory scheme is not fully enacted. In 2007, the CAAB undertook research, conducted by Social Information Systems Ltd (SIS), on 36 special care applications made between January and June 2007.
The research involved a detailed analysis of the case profiles of children for whom applications have been made and a detailed review of the application stages followed in each case. As part of the methodology information was derived from several sources including: application paperwork; interviews with workers from Social Work Departments from the HSE who made the applications; information and interviews with representatives of the CAAB, of the NSCADC and of the Family Welfare Conference Services. The research report makes 32 recommendations under the areas of management of practice, monitoring and processes. A multi-agency Implementation Group has been established to promote and assist in the implementation of these recommendations. This report was published in July 2008 and is available to view by clicking here.
Best Practice Guidelines in the Use of Physical Restraint (Child Care: Residential Units), April, 2006
Over the last number of years practitioners working in the residential child care sector, have highlighted issues relating to the use of physical restraint and the absence of common guidelines in this area. The former Special Residential Services Board (SRSB) in partnership with the Health Service Executive, the Irish Social Services Inspectorate and the Department of Education and Science formed a working group to develop good practice guidelines in the use of physical restraint. The working group developed the ‘Best Practice Guidelines in the use of Physical Restraint’ specific to the Irish context of residential care ensuring that they complied with prevailing legislation, regulations and standards. This report was published in April 2006 and is available to view by clicking here.
Review of Admission Criteria and Processes for Special Care, September 2005
The ‘Criteria for the appropriate use of Special Care’ were devised by agreement between the Special Care Units, the Health Service Executive (HSE) and the former Special Residential Services Board (SRSB) to guide units, practitioners and the Courts as to when special care may be an appropriate placement for a young person. The former SRSB commissioned Social Information Systems Ltd. (SIS) to carry out research into the criteria in order to establish whether the criteria were effective in identifying children who are in need of special care or children for whom a special care placement would be appropriate. The version of the criteria used for the review was dated 22nd April 2005.
The research involved a four-fold methodology. This included desk-top research on the development of special care; questionnaires to HSE areas (formerly Health Boards) on procedures for identification and response to special care; questionnaires to individual social workers identified as having a child ‘considered’ for special care in 2004; interviews with HSE area personnel involved in completing the questionnaires and information collected from special care units. The report was published in September 2005 and is available to view by clicking here.
The Impact of Placement in Special Care Unit Settings on the Wellbeing of Young People and their Families, 2004
Special care is a relatively new development in residential child care provision in Ireland. As a result, relatively little systematic information is available on the impact that special care has on young people. Therefore, the former Special Residential Services Board commissioned the Centre for Social and Educational Research (CSER), Dublin Institute of Technology to conduct research on the impact of placement in special care units on the wellbeing of young people and their families.
The CSER undertook this work between 2001 and 2003. A number of key methods were used in the collection of information for this research, including the use of a Quality of Life Scale. As part of the research young people, their family members and/or ‘significant others’ were interviewed, young peoples’ key workers completed questionnaires and relevant professional and key stakeholders were consulted. The report was published in 2004 and is available to view by clicking here.
Definition and Usage of High Support in Ireland, April, 2003
High support units are an intermediate residential care service in the continuum of care between mainstream residential care and special care (i.e. secure residential care). The former Special Residential Services Board (SRSB) commissioned Social Information Systems Ltd. (SIS) to examine the use of high support units throughout Ireland and to help to develop, in conjunction with the former Health Boards, proposed criteria for entry into and exit from high support units.
This research involved a review and analysis of high support developments in the former Health Board areas and the development of criteria for admission to and discharge from high support residential units. A summary of the outcomes from this research was published in April 2003 and is available to view by clicking here.